Land Research Center - LRC

The Israeli occupation force a citizen to demolish his own home in Jerusalem

2018-10-08

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Monday 8 October, "Ayman Naem Kawazbeh" from Beit Hanina - North Jerusalem, demolished his own home, obeying the occupation's municipality in Jerusalem resolution. Ayman's home consists of one floor (150 m2) it is built of bricks and plastic sheets, and inhabited by Ayman's family that consists of 8 members 6 of them are children.

"Ayman Kawazbeh" told LRC observer:

"I built the house in 2008.it consists of 3 bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen and a living room, during the building process I received a military order to attend (occupation's municipality In Jerusalem court) where they passed a decree that I should demolish my house in addition to Paying an expensive fine 36 thousand shekels (9870 $), I tried then to file the necessary documents to get a building permission, but the occupation's municipality refused to give me one"

1 month ago workers from the occupation's municipality in Jerusalem resched his home and gave him two choices wither to demolish his home with his own hands or to pay 40,000 shekels to the occupation's municipality as demolition costs.

Kawazbeh added "I thought a lot, and decided to demolish my own home, if they demolished it I will have to pay thousands of shekels besides losing my home, so I decided to reduce my lost (and only lose my home."

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Beit Hanina is continuously subjected by the Israeli occupation, as they aim to clear out the land to use it in their colonial plans.

About Beit Hanina:[1]

5 km north Jerusalem, Beit Hanina is surrounded by Bir Nabala (north), Beit Hanina down town (Bait Hanina town was divided to two parts by the Apartheid wall Upper Beit Hanaina and Beit Hanina down town) (west), Hizma (east) and Shufat (south). Beit Hanina has a population of 33,617 people in 2009, and an area of (8,877) , (3,341) dunums are a built up area.

The occupation confiscated over 3700 dunums for the following purposes:

  •  Illegal colonies confiscated (3064) dunums as follows:

colony

Establishing year

Area of confiscated lands/ dunums

Number of settlers

Neve Yaacov

1972

575,5

20,250

Pisgat Amir

1985

684

unavailable

Pisgat Zeev

1985

1,458

38, 684

Ramat Shlomo

1990

346

12,822

  • Bypass roads (50 +60) confiscated over 482 dunums.
  • Apartheid wall took over 50 dunums and has a length of (987) meters.
  • Occupation's military camps took over (103) dunums.

Self- demolition, a crime against humanity:

Definition: Forcing the owner to demolish his own construction, this crime is not new to the Israeli occupation, but used to happen secretly , victims were ashamed to reveal that they demolished their own properties, but as such cases increased, victims started to speak against the Israeli crimes.

This crime is very popular in Jerusalem, Israeli occupation is attempting to clear out the city for their colonial planes, they always use their known pretext (the building is unauthorized) and they give the owner a dead line to carry out the demolition, in case the owner breaks the deadline, The Israeli bulldozers demolish his home and force him to pay the costs of the demolition, in case he doesn't, They arrest him.

LRC observers in Jerusalem documented 18 cases in 2018, which is an increase in comparison to the recent years. The following chart provides detailed information about self-demolition crimes in the recent 8 years.

years

Number of homes

Area m2

Number of affected Palestinians

Number of children

2017

17

1325

90

55

2016

28

1999

125

56

2015

6

380

31

14

2014

11

605

88

31

2013

13

822

107

64

2012

14

984

92

53

2011

15

700

88

56

2010

13

827

102

61

Total area

117

7642

723

390

Source: Firsthand field observation- LRC Israeli violations observation sector- Arab studies association (2010-2017) 

The doings of the Israeli occupations of demolition Palestinian constructions is a violation of the rights of Palestinian citizens as ensured by international law and international conventions especially the right of an appropriate residence. According to the following articles:

Article 147 of Geneva fourth convention: extensive destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly. ( it is considered a serious violation of the convention)

Article 53 of Geneva fourth convention that forbids destroying properties: Any destruction by the Occupying Power of real or personal property belonging individually or collectively to private persons, or to the State, or to other public authorities, or to social or co-operative organizations, is prohibited, except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations.

Article 33 of Geneva fourth convention: No protected person may be punished for an offence he or she has not personally committed.

Article 32 of Hague convention 1907 part g: To destroy or seize the enemy's property, unless such destruction or seizure be imperatively demanded by the necessities of war.

Article 17 of Universal declaration of human rights 10Dec- 1948:  No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

This case study is part of Canaan project.

[1] GIS - LRC

This case study is part of Kan'aan Project

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