Land Research Center - LRC

Beit El colony Expands on Beitin village lands / Ramallah Governorate

2021-09-01

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Violation: Colonial expansion.

Location: Beitin village lands / Ramallah and Al-Bireh governorates.

Date: Early September 2021.

Perpetrators: illegal colonists of Beit El.

Victims: People of Beitin.

Description:

Early September 2021, the so-called Israeli Settlement Council in the West Bank carried on construction of colonial units on 30 dunums within the borders of Beit El colony. The Israeli plan is to increase populations in Israeli illegal colonies.

Noteworthy, Beit El colony is built on confiscated lands from Ramallah city and Beitin, and it is one of the most significant Israeli colonies at the heart of the West Bank – from an Israeli point of view.

Beit El colony was growing rapidly during the past few years, it notably had a fair share of tenders offers and construction plans, it also contains the headquarter of the so called Israeli Civil Administration. In Early July 2021, the key stone for the construction of 350 colonial units was installed.

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 In August 21st 2017, the Israeli Occupation arbitrary government carried on the construction of a cement wall (1.5 km long) , which isolated 170 dunums of Al-Bireh and Dura Al-Kareia village lands . The wall starts from the entry of the so-called civil administration and ends at the borders of Jalazone refugee’s camp. Under the pretext of protecting the security of the colony, especially from belting stones o the edges of the colony.

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Photo 3: The cement wall that surrounds Beit El colony

Israeli Violations monitoring section documented a number of organizational plans for the favor of Beit El colony published on Israeli Websites during the past 10 years – look at the table below:

Palestinian village affected

date

Number of colonial units

Announced by

Notes

Beitin

June 6th 2012

300

Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu

Vowed to build new 300 colonial units in Ha’olbana quarter that contains 30 families – and a religious school

Beitin

Aug 1st 2021

150

The Israeli Minister of defense Ehud Barak in coordination with the Civil Administration

Israeli Minister Gilad Erden and Kenesset Member Zvi Hauser vowed to principle of the Religious School in Beit El to Raf Barouch , to support the construction of 90 colonial units , if students of the religious school left the Ha’olbana quarter without any protests. According to the plan, 70 residential units will by built on 10.3 dunums at the center of Beit El , in 5 buildings (each one contains 14 colonial units 135 m2) about 16 units were already built.

Beitin

Aug 1st 2021

-

The Israeli Minister of defense Ehud Barak in coordination with the Civil Administration

Construction of an Educational multi-purpose center on an area of 4000 m2 (18 floors) , the plot of the building is a private Palestinian property. The Occupation confiscated it for military purposes.

Beitin and Ramallah

June 11th 2013

296

The Ministry of Construction and Housing of Israel

The Israeli Minister of defense approved organizational plan 218/18 – to built colonial units east the colony.

Beitin

March 11th 2014

296

The Ministry of Construction and Housing of Israel

Republishing plan 18/218

Beitin

March 19th 2014

200

The Ministry of Construction and Housing of Israel

Debating and considering plan 11/218 for the construction of new colonial units

Beitin

July 22nd 2015

24

The Ministry of Construction and Housing of Israel

Ratifying plan 1/12/219 to built new colonial units

Beitin

July 22nd 2015

296

The Ministry of Construction and Housing of Israel

Ratifying plan 18/218 twice

Dura El-Kari’a

Feb 5th 2017

20

The Israeli Civil Administration of Judea and Samaria (West Bank) High Planning Council – Colonization Subcommittee

Ratifying organizational plan 17/219 to construct colonial units on an area of 2 dunums

Dura El-Kari’a

June 19th 2017

200

The Israeli Civil Administration of Judea and Samaria (West Bank) High Planning Council – Colonization Subcommittee

Announcing plan 11/218 after consideration in March 2014

Beitin and Dura El-Kari’a

July 12th 2020

36

The Israeli Civil Administration of Judea and Samaria (West Bank) High Planning Council – Colonization Subcommittee

Activation of plan 1/4/218 to construct 36 units on 9 dunums


About Beit El:

Beit El was established in 1979 over lands with a total area of 2400 dunums.

It holds within a number of springs and the Jews claim that "God promised Abraham of staying in the area" and that is the reason for calling it Beit El or the house of God.

Beit El is located 20 km to the north of Jerusalem; the Jews claim that it has been built on the ruins of an old Jewish city.

The colony has expanded to become as large as a city holding a number of factories, educational institutions, medical clinics, etc. it is now inhabited by over 6000 colonists.

 Beitin village:

3 km to the north of Al-Bireh , Beitin village is connected to the city through a main road nearby Beit El colony which was closed since 2001 , residents have to go additional 18 km to get to Ramallah.

The village has a total area of 5400 dunums of which 1200 dunums are a built-up area, and a population of 2300 people.

United Nations General Assembly resolutions on Israeli colonial expansion

Resolution 242 of 1967: Withdrawal of Israel armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict;

Resolution 446 of 1979: that the policy and practices of Israel in establishing settlements in the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967 have no legal validity and constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.

Resolution 452 of 1979 : the policy of Israel in establishing settlements in the occupied Arab territories has no legal validity and constitutes a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949" and "calls upon the Government and people of Israel to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem.

Resolution 465: March 1, 1980, demanded Israel to stop the planning and construction of settlements in territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem. It also called on Israel to “dismantle the existing settlements”.

Resolution 478: August 20, 1980, condemned in “the strongest terms” the enactment of Israeli law proclaiming a change in status of Jerusalem. The resolution called on all states “that have established diplomatic missions” in Jerusalem to withdraw them from the city.

Hague Convention of 1907

Article 46: Private property cannot be confiscated.

Article 55: . The occupying State shall be regarded only as administrator and usufructuary of public buildings, real estate, forests, and agricultural estates belonging to the hostile State, and situated in the occupied country.

Geneva fourth Convention of 1949:

Article 49: “The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.” It also prohibits the “individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory”.

Article 53: It is prohibited to employ weapons, projectiles and material and methods of warfare of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering.

Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, dated December 10, 1948 states that “No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property”.


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